India possesses an incredible biodiversity. It is most interactive, faced by innumerable people, and, to an extent, in a sustainable process. Welcome to observe mammals in some of the designated reserves such as:
Corbett National Park (Uttaranchal), Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and Katernighat Sanctaury (Uttar Pradesh), Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan), Kuno Palpur Sanctuary, Satpura National Park, Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park and Pench National Park (all in Madhya Pradesh), Periyar Tiger Reserve (Kerala), Nagarhole Tiger Reserve (Karnataka), Manas Tiger Reserve, Kaziranga National park, Dibru saikowa National Park (all in Assam), Namdapha Tiger Reserve (Arunachal Pradesh), Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, Duars habitats (West Bengal), Parambikulam Reserve (Kerala and Tamil Nadu),
Gir National Park, Velavadar, Ranns of Kutchh (all in Gujarat), Chambal River (Dholpur, Sawai Madhopur and Kota, all in Rajasthan) among others.
India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world about 2,300 (2017), an increase of 30.5% since the 2010 estimate. It is thanks to Dr. Rajesh Gopal, the then Member secretary and Director General of the National Tiger Conservation Authority, who commenced a science-based census (camera traps) which falsified the myth that India boasted of 3,300 Tigers (by 2008). Fifty designated Project Tiger Reserves perform in India (2017) and some more forest regimes are in process to qualify this special designation. The NTCA monitors all of them and guides States’ forest departments to follow certain well laid down norms to conserve the habitat and maintain prey-predator equation.
The NTCA study indicated that better protected tiger source sites, especially tiger reserves, have maintained viable populations. However, the area occupied by tigers outside protected areas has decreased considerably. This demonstrates the need for corridors for tigers to move between source sites. The existing tiger reserves represent around one-third of India’s high density forest area.
An economic valuation of six tiger reserves (Corbett, Kanha, Kaziranga, Periyar, Ranthambore, and Sundarbans) concluded “that the monetary values of flow benefits emanating from selected tiger reserves range from 8.3 to 17.6 billion annually. In terms of unit area, this translates into 50,000 to 190,000 per hectare per year. In addition, selected tiger reserves protect and conserve stock valued in the range of 22 to 656 billion”. Mammals in some key reserves are listed here.
Tiger, Leopard, Sambar deer, Spotted deer, Bluebull, Jungle cat, Striped Hyena, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Jackal, Indian Fox, Indian Mole Rat, Common Palm Cives, Indian Hare, Indian Gazelle (Chinkara), Hanuman Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Caracal, Rusty Spotted Cat,
Common Mongoose, Ruddy Mongoose, Indian Porcupine, Indian Flying Fox, Marsh Crocodile,
Indian Rock Python, Saw-scaled Viper, Indian Rat Snake, Russel’s Viper, Indian Bull Frog, Skittering Frog, Common Indian Toad, Bengal Monitor Lizard, Desert Monitor Lizard, Banded Krait, Common Krait, Cobra, Indian Python, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtle, , Indian Chameleon, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Northern Palm Squirrel, Indian False Vampire, Long-eared Hedgehog, Ratel, Indian Gerbill, Tortoise, Indian Pangolin etc.
Corbett National Park
Long-eared Hedgehog, House Shrew, Savi Pygmy Shrew, Asiatic Elephant, Indian Hare,
Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Chital (Spotted Deer), Hog Deer, Sambar, Swamp Deer, Goral,
Serow, Bluebull, Indian Pangolin, Large Red Flying Squirrel, Northern Palm Squirrel,
Indian Porcupine, Indian Gerbil, Common Indian Rat, Common Indian Field Mouse,
Indian Bush Rat, Bandicoot Rat, Large Bandicoot Rat, Indian Flying Fox, Short-nosed Fruit Bat
Little Japanese Horseshoe Bat, Leaf-nosed Bat, Great Himalayan Leaf-nosed Bat, Indian Pygmy Pipistrelle, Greater Yellow Bat, Long-eared Bat, Rhesus Macaque, Common Langur, Common Red Fox, Jackal, Dhole (Wild Dog), Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Common Otter,
Smooth-coated Otter, Small-clawed Otter, Yellow-throated Marten, Small Indian Civet, Common Palm Civet, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Grey Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat,
Leopard, Tiger, Muntjac (barking deer), Gharial (Gavial), Marsh Crocodile, Indian Python, Viper, King Cobra, Krait, Cat Snake, Wolf Snake, Common Monitor Lizards, Tortoises, Turtles etc.
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve
Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Barking Deer, Bluebull, Wild Boar, Gaur (became extinct, being reintroduced from Kanha), Four-horned Antelope, Indian Gazelle, Jackal, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Ratel, Grey Mongoose, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Dhole (Wild Dog, not spotted for some years), Small Indian Civet, Indian Palm Squirrel, Lesser Bandicoot Rat,
Kanha Tiger Reserve
Common or Grey (Hanuman) Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Indian Gazelle, Bluebull,
Four-horned Antelope, Gaur, Fulvous Fruit Bat, Indian False Vampire, Indian Pipistrelle,
Sloth Bear, Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Common Palm Civet (Toddy Cat),
Sambar, Spotted Deer, Muntjac (Barking Deer), Wild Boar, Swamp Deer, Wolf, Jackal,
Indian Fox, Dhole (Wild Dog), Indian Hare, Striped Hyaena, Indian Tree Shrew, Grey Musk Shrew, Ruddy Mongoose, Common Mongoose, Pangolin, Indian Palm Squirrel,
Indian Porcupine, Mole Rat, Indian Porcupine, Honey Badger (Ratel) etc.
Satpura Tiger Reserve
Spotted Dear, Gaur, Tiger, Leopard, Wild Boar, Wild Dog (Dholes), Sloth Bear, Black Buck Porcupine, Sambhar, Four-horned Antelopes, Smooth-coated Otter, Pangolin, Marsh Ccrocodile, Langurs, Indian Giant Squirrel,
Asiatic Lion, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Desert Cat, Rusty-Spotted Cat, Common Palm Civet,
Small Indian Civet, Sambar Deer, Spotted Deer, Blue Bull, Four-horned Antelope, Indian Gazelle, Wild Boar, Jackal, Striped Hyena, Indian Fox, Hanuman Langur, Indian Porcupine,
Indian Hare, Indian Grey Mongoose, Common Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Ruddy Mongoose, Indian Pangolin, Grey Musk Shrew, Ratel, Pale Hedgehog, Flying Fox,
Short-Nosed Fruit Bat, Indian Palm Squirrel, Indian Gerbil, Field Mouse, Common House Rat,
Kutch Rock Rat, Bandicoot Rat, Indian Mole Rat etc.
Kaziranga National Park
One-horned Rhinoceros, Wild Buffalo, Asiatic Elephant, Tiger, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Indian Gaur, Swamp Deer, Sambar, Muntjac, White-browed Gibbon, Hog Deer, Capped Langur (Leaf Monkey), Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Indian Porcupine, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Hispid Hare, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Bengal Fox, Jackal, Smooth-coated Otter, Chinese Ferret Badger, Hog Badger, Ganges and Indus River Dolphin, Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel, Asiatic Black Bear, Black Krait, Bengal Cobra, Banded Krait, Common Kukri Snake, Checkered Keelback Watersnake, Common or Long-nosed Vine Snake, Copperhead Trinket Snake, Common Krait, King Cobra, Pit Viper, Rock Python, Russel’s Viper, Reticulated Python, Rat Snake, Striped Keelback, Assam Greyish-brown Gecko, Assam Olive-brown Skink, Assam Greyish-brown gecko, Common Bengal Monitor, Common Indian Skink, Dotted Garden Skink, Indian Water Monitor, Light-olive Assam Garden Lizard, Ticticky House Gecko, Assam Roofed Turtle, Brown Roofed Turtle, Brown Hill Tortoise, Gangetic (Indian) Softshell Turtle, Indian Roofed Turtle, Indian Tent Turtle, Indian Eyed Turtle, Indian Peacock Softshell Turtle, Indian Flapshell Turtle, Indian Black Turtle, Keeled Box Turtle, Malayan Box Turtle, Narrow-headed Soft-shell Turtle, Spotted Pond Turtle, Oldham’s Leaf Turtle, Gharial (Gavial) etc.
Asiatic Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Dhole (Wild Dog), Pygmy Hog, Gaur, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Muntjac, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Capped Langur Indian Giant Squirrel, Pangolin, Civet Cat, Capped Langur, Jackals, Slow Loris, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Himalayan Yellow-throated Martin, Malayan giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, King Cobra, Cobra, Pit Viper, Russel’s Viper, Banded Krait, Python, Rat Snake, Assam Roof Turtle, Malayan Box Turtle, Keeled Box Turtle, Asian Leaf Turtle, Narrow Headed Soft Shelled Turtle, Indian soft Shelled Turtle, etc.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Feral Horses, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Slow Loris, Water Buffalo, Tiger, Elephant, Gangetic River Dolphin, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole (ild Dog), Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig-tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Wild Boar, Sambar, and Hog Deer, barking Deer etc.